International concern has been given for the status of women Afghanistan Then Taliban Control the country, a spokesman for the fundamentalist group said, adding that they were “committed to women’s rights under Sharia (Islamic law).”
But what does this mean?
The legal system of Sharia Islam. It is a collection of the Qur’anic guidelines, the speech and conduct of the Prophet Muhammad, and the legal – fatwa of ethics derived from the legal statements of Islamic scholars. In direct translation, Sharia means “clear way to water”.
Sharia acts as a guide to life that all Muslims should follow. They include daily prayer, fasting, and giving to the poor.
The code contains provisions for all aspects of daily life, including family law, business and finance.
The law states that men and women should dress modestly. In practice the meaning of this varies widely, but in general it means that women should at least cover their hair. It is common for places to be separated by gender.
There may also be severe penalties in law. For example, robbery can be punished by cutting off the hand of the offender. Prostitution can be executed – by stoning.
The United Nations condemns this type of punishment and states that stoning is a form of “torture”, “cruel, inhumane and degrading, and therefore clearly prohibited.”
Video: What can be expected from the future of women in Afghanistan?
However, the rigidity of Sharia and the manner in which it is used will vary around the world.
Studies have shown that not all Muslim countries accept this type of punishment, and that religious beliefs about them vary widely around the world.
Tariq Ramadan, a Muslim scholar in Europe, puts an end to corporal punishment in the Islamic world, arguing that the social conditions they created no longer exist.
Different faces of Sharia
There are many versions of Sharia and its application varies greatly in the Islamic world.
This secular state – which may be the basis of the justice system in Islamic countries – becomes practically constitutional in the Koran – or acts as a guide for the personal actions of Muslims in secular countries.
For example, a Muslim living in the UK may look for a Sharia scholar without knowing what to do if a co-worker invites him to a bar after work. He will then receive advice to ensure that his actions are within the limits permitted by his religion.
However, some of the approaches allowed by Sharia cannot be used by private citizens in secular countries because they are illegal in those places.
For example, some secular countries, such as Saudi Arabia, use harsh and punitive laws where murder and drug trafficking can be punishable by death and prostitutes can be stoned.
However, in Malaysia, there are many non-Muslims and the social and economic dynamics are different, so the law has a completely different interpretation.
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How will the Taliban use Sharia in Afghanistan?
The only clue to understanding what the regime will look like is that the Taliban ruled the country for five years between 1996 and 2001, when it was overthrown by a US-led military junta.
During those five years, the interpretation of Sharia in practice in the country was one of the most severe and violent in the world.
There were public executions, stoning, stoning and flogging in the country.
Paramilitary groups roamed the streets, attacking men showing ankles or wearing Western clothing.
Men should grow beards and women should leave only if they have the written permission of men. They could not work or study and had to wear a formal burqa that completely covered them.
The Taliban has already claimed to be using Sharia in this second acquisition, which has led to the frustration of Afghan women.
The militants in the fundamentalist group have decided to re-impose a version of Sharia on the BBC, including stoning to death for prostitution and amputation of limbs for theft.
A Taliban spokesman said the militants would respect the rights of women and the press, but it was unclear if that promise would materialize. He said women could leave home alone and continue to get education and employment, but would have to wear a burqa.
Some women were able to leave areas controlled by the Taliban, with militant families demanding that women and single women be turned into wives of their fighters.
Mujtah, 35, a single woman who fled with her two sisters from Parwan to Kabul before the fundamentalists captured the city, said she would rather take her own life than the Taliban forced her to marry.
“I have been crying day and night,” he told the AFP news agency. It is not known whether Mujtah left the country before the fundamentalists seized the capital.