Retired Colombian soldiers, English-speaking and trained in sophisticated weapons, intelligence and international operations. Many of them were part of anti-guerrilla factions, partly funded by United States.
Murder, gangs and political instability: what is happening in Haiti
In general, this is the profile 26 Colombians It is, according to Haitian officials, involved Assassination of the country’s president Joanel Moss. Of the group of 26, 15 have been detained, three have been killed and eight others have been released.
The president was assassinated at his residence in the early hours of July 7. He was shot 12 times, one of them in the head. There are also signs that Moses was tortured.
In the midst of a political crisis, he was locked up at home for several months, which reduced his legitimacy and raised voices calling for his resignation.
So far, It is unknown who paid the Colombian mercenaries to assassinate the Haitian president.
Within hours of the assassination, which had an international character, the first details of the former soldiers who allegedly carried out the plan began to emerge.
There are some features that reveal a key feature of the war that erupted in Colombia in recent decades: the emergence of a mercenary industry that emerged after measures to combat drug trafficking and terrorism, many of which were funded by the United States.
These groups have been involved in many international conflicts and are needed because of their military capabilities and the relatively low fees charged for their services.
Colombia has the real business of paramilitary groups – Photo: Getty Images via BBC
On Friday morning (9), the Colombian press gradually published the names, tracks and photos of retired soldiers who appear to be involved in the killings.
Most of them are about 40 years old, veterans and retired at a young age two or three years ago because they were not promoted in military life.
Eladio Eurip’s wife, detained in Haiti, told W Radio that the former soldier had been a professional soldier for 20 years and had received several corps before retiring in 2019.
According to the report, Europe was being investigated for what it called a “false positive” in which civilian deaths during armed conflict were considered guerrilla deaths. But the army was liberated.
He was Dominican Republic, According to his wife’s testimony, was hired by a security company that allegedly paid him $ 3,000 (PRL 15,000) a month. “They were not told exactly where they would be taken. This is an opportunity to work with a company to take care of the Shakers’ families,” he said.
The Colombian media also reported the case of Manuel Antonio Grosso, a paratrooper and member of the Antiquerla Special Forces, who posted photos in the Dominican Republic a week ago. Everything indicates that he crossed the border into Haiti the day before Moyes’ murder.
According to Haitian police, the suspects are of Colombian descent – Photo: AFP via BBC
Export type product
This is not the first time Colombian mercenaries have published world news after a military operation across the border.
Over the past two decades, hundreds of the country’s ex-servicemen have been recruited by private contractors in countries such as the United States or the United Kingdom to provide support in the wars in Afghanistan, Iraq and Yemen.
Salaries in the Colombian military, according to former defense ministers, are 15% to 20% lower than what a retired soldier receives in private operations abroad.
Security experts explain that the mercenaries have undergone a major transformation since the 2001 attacks on the Twin Towers in New York. The beginning of the so-called “war on terror” was partly funded by private contractors.
These movements were already growing slowly: after the Cold War, researchers argue, the United States was interested in outsourcing military intervention in smaller countries, but with more complex conflicts. The aim is to minimize the political impact of sacrificing US troops in this type of operation.
“The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have allowed the private military to mature, establish mercenary networks and create the standard of best practice,” writes US defense expert Sean McFade.
Haitian police have identified 28 foreign suspects behind the president’s assassination
According to the US State Department, the department is relying on the creation of a private military organization, such as Blackwater, which trained Colombian and paramilitary personnel in 2005.
In one of his articles, McFade wrote, “Other countries follow the American model, and every day new private military groups are formed in countries such as Russia, Uganda, Iraq, Afghanistan, and Colombia. These services are much stronger than Blackwater. The bidder has the will and desire to work. They are mercenaries in every sense of the word. ”
Colombia enters the war on terror President Alvaro Eurip, who ruled the country between 2002 and 2010, already has solid experience in hiring and creating private security companies.
President Jovnell Moss turns 53 – Photo: Getty Images via BBC
In the 1990s, the country relaxed laws to create this type of militarized organization, with the aim of strengthening guerrilla-facing groups in the countryside.
“It is up to the country to decide whether or not to have a rural security cooperative,” said then-Defense Minister Fernando Pottero Zia. “The real choice was to allow state-supervised co-ops or to create outside the law the uncontrolled growth of defensive groups and paramilitaries.”
However, the result was the consolidation of paramilitary forces there. In parallel, Colombia was already a key ally of the Americans in the fight against drug trafficking.
Haiti sank into uncertainty after the brutal assassination of the president
The famous multi-million dollar plan to combat drug trafficking, Colombia, has made the country one of the recipients of US military aid in Latin America. It also helped to create private security companies in the country.
Between 2005 and 2009, the United States spent $ 3.1 billion ($ 15.5 billion) on private contracts for anti-drug policies in Latin, according to a 2011 report by the U.S. Senate Homeland Security Committee.
This value represents a 32% increase in investment in the region over these four years. Most of the companies contracted in this war effort were in Colombia.