- Rafael Pariffus
- From BBC News Brazil in Sao Paulo
One of the most memorable scenes from Rambo 3 (1988) shows the hero removing a projectile from his stomach with his own hand and then inflicting a gunshot wound. But this is another part, more sensible, that has gained an unexpected fit in the light Recent events in Afghanistan.
The film takes place in the midst of a war waged by rebel groups against the Soviet Union (USSR) who invaded the country. Rambo (Sylvester Stallone) goes there to rescue his former guide, Colonel Trotman, who was captured by the Soviets during a mission.
Rambo is on the border with Pakistan. Besides him, many of the Afghans who were trying to cross the border into Afghanistan had already tried and failed to conquer the country: Alexander the Great, Genghis Khan, the United Kingdom – now it was the Soviet system.
He comments that the Afghans are a people who will fight with courage who can never be defeated: “An ancient enemy said a prayer: ‘God, free us from the venom of snakes, the teeth of the tiger and vengeance. The Afghans. Do you understand what this means?’.
Rambo replies: “You don’t give up on anything.”
Three decades later, the world is watching the Taliban advance after the withdrawal of US armed forces. The militant group returned to Afghanistan 20 years after the US occupation.
The seeds of this historic defeat of the world’s greatest military power were sown at the time of the third depiction Rambo.
The so-called rebels were backed by the United States Mujahideen, The Soviets won, but the uprising against the occupiers led to the formation of the Taliban in the mid-1990s.
Sydney Ferreira Light, a physician in social history and professor of international relations at Facultடs Rio Franco, explains that the Americans left the region after the defeat of the Soviet Union and did not contribute to the nationalization of Afghanistan. Until the Taliban came to power in 1996, the country’s various clans and tribes waged a civil war.
“about this, Rambo 3 This is a historic document of the failure of US foreign policy and a beacon for the world, “said Light.
History of Invasion and Conflict
A Historical View of the Conflict in Afghanistan. Either because of the geography – it is at the junction between Asia and the Middle East – or because of its economic significance – with its trade routes, poppy fields and pipes today.
The story of the invasions of Afghan history. Its territory was dominated by various peoples and empires, such as the Babylonians and the Macedonians. Arab invasions from the 7th century brought Islam to the region.
Geopolitical conflicts were marked by invasions and British rule from the mid-19th century to the early 20th century. Decades later came December 1979, when the Soviet Union threatened to wage a socialist war. Name of Islam.
Rambo 3 As Colonel Trotman puts it, “a country that many cannot even find on the map” shows the American efforts against the Soviets in Afghanistan.
In this classic film about the US effort to influence the world with Hollywood, Americans go there to defend Afghanistan from the Soviet massacre. Rebels are presented as soldiers fighting for freedom.
For us, this war is sacred, and there is no real death MujahideenBecause we have already done our funeral rites. We think we are already dead, “said Rambo, a rebel leader who explains the country’s conflict. For us, death is an honor to our land and to our God. So, friend, all we have to do is stop killing our women and children.
Carlos Gustavo Bozio, professor of international relations at the Armando Alvarez Pentado Foundation (FAAP), says the United States has given full support to these groups and assisted the rebels with military equipment and weapons. “(President Ronald) Reagan welcomed them to the White House and called them freedom fighters,” he recalled.
The return of the Taliban
Like the rest of the world, Bogio believes that it was a mistake for Americans to look at everything from the perspective of the controversy between capitalism and communism in the midst of that Cold War environment.
“America made a mistake and thought its enemy’s enemy was its friend. There were groups that used this somewhat naive American vision,” Pogio said. “They do not take into account the fact that there is tribal logic in the country. It is not an organized nation state according to the Western model. The codes are different.”
The rebels waged a civil war in the vacuum of power created by the Soviet withdrawal, which would end in Taliban rule. “No one paid much attention to what was going on there until two planes collided in the twin towers,” Pogio said.
The Taliban were ousted by US forces occupying Afghanistan after the September 11 attacks on al-Qaeda in the United States, accusing Osama bin Laden, the mastermind of the September 11 attacks, of providing support and shelter.
But it has now quickly returned to government after the US, UK and other countries withdrew their forces, forming a military alliance that intervened in the country.
“Not only in Afghanistan, but also in Iraq, Syria and Libya, when it was as chaotic as it was 20 years ago, we see this American model failing to establish its democracy in communities of completely different shapes. The organization,” he says. Sydney Ferreira Lite.
He estimates that in the late 1980s and even now, the United States went to Afghanistan to oust its adversary and failed to lay the foundation for stability for the country. “They had to take action beyond a strict military operation that provoked existing terrorist groups,” Light says.
Rambo 3 It was considered the most expensive film ever made at its release, valued at $ 63 million.
“This film closes the Reagan era and restores the collective imagination, after the defeat in the Vietnam War, a successful America, the dawn of a nation resumes its place as a force,” Light says.
This feature grossed $ 189 million at the box office, but it was a failure – it was the worst of the franchise’s five films at Rotten Tomatoes, with only 45 percent of audience approval.
The frequent controversy surrounding him re-emerges when conflicts in Afghanistan make headlines nowadays. It’s about a tribute at the end of the film. An alleged image of the last scene on forums and social networks.
News: “This film is dedicated to the brave fighters Mujahideen From Afghanistan. “Furthermore, according to this edition, it would have been harmless only after 9/11:” This film is dedicated to the brave people of Afghanistan. “
In the original, Rambo completes his mission and returns to the United States. At the alternative end, he finally accepts his role as a warrior and decides to stay with him Mujahideen.
“When my cycle closed, you told me I knew my place,” the hero tells Colonel Trodman. “For now, I think this is my place.”
Rambo then got out of the jeep, got on the horse, said goodbye to Karnan and left, joining the insurgency in Afghanistan.
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