September 28, 2022

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New archaeological digs show the lives of early modern humans

Published on 09/13/2022 17:49

(Credit: Fernando Frazão/Agência Brasil)

Recent archaeological excavations in Romania have provided some insight into the lifestyles and crafts of early modern humans who lived in Europe some 40,000 years ago. The findings may provide insights into how A wise man Adaptable to a newly populated continent.

Artifacts found by the researchers indicate that they helped make shaped chipped stone blades that could be used to make arrows or spears. In addition, it has been observed that wedstones were used to straighten wooden rods.

Microscopic analysis showed that most of the artefact surfaces were unused, which may indicate that the site was used for tool making, and that they were later transported elsewhere. Geochemical evidence suggests that artefacts were moved to sites as far away as 300 km.


Excavations indicated changes in the lifestyle of Homo sapiens and Neanderthals. Closely contemporaneous fossils show that Homo sapiens and Neanderthals intermingled, but we still don’t know what that means for the ways in which their mutual lifestyles changed and how we can see that in their archaeological remains. Early Neanderthals,” said Jacobo Gennai of the Institute of Archeology at the University of Cologne.

Excavations were carried out at Romanesti in western Romania. The excavation was led by archaeologist Wei Xu from the University of Cologne (Germany) and Leiden University (Netherlands), with the participation of Jacobo Zenai from the University of Cologne (Germany) and the University of Pisa (Italy). The results of the study were published Nature: Scientific Reports.

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