December 7, 2022

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Olympics and Epidemiology: Look at how medal-winning nations reacted to the fight with Govt; China and Australia gave the best answers | The world

Speed, accuracy and a lot of training. Countries are well aware of the formula for gaining space on a platform Tokyo Olympics, Which officially started this Friday (23).

But over the past year, apart from preparing for the Games, they have all faced an unprecedented challenge: the epidemic. Govit-19.

This article shows How the ten greatest Olympic powers did, or did not, Deal with this global health crisis.

Each country, in its own way, must adapt to the new reality at the time of registration and respond in real time to a deadly virus unknown to everyone.

Some countries hit the bull’s eye, while others slide down the path. Of the ten major Olympic powers, China e Australia Those who were The best answer to this health urgency.

Both countries won Effectively controls the progression of the disease As a result, they greatly reduced the number of new infections and deaths caused by the corona virus.

To this end, local authorities have taken drastic measures: a strict policy of closing borders, locking up and checking and locating contacts. (Read later in this article).

In absolute numbers, the United States Progress in almost all rankings: number of medals, vaccines used and deaths (See table above).

Proportionately, the country with a population of 326 million ranks 4th in deaths from corona virus complications. (See chart below).

In this comparison – for every 100,000 thousand people – it is Hungary Who emerges, following it Italy e United Kingdom, According to a survey by Johns Hopkins University of the United States.

Australia, war model

With a population of 25 million, Australia has one of the lowest rates of corona virus deaths in the world. As shown in the video below, the first death from local pollution from Govt-19 this year was recorded in July.

Like neighboring New Zealand, the country has developed rigorous locking and control strategies with contact testing and tracking, which comes out with the lowest number of deaths (916) in more than a year of infection.

Due to the low infection and mortality rate since COV-19, Australia has been slow to launch a mass vaccination campaign – which officially began in late February this year, while other developed countries began in December of the previous year.

Due to the delay, the country was vaccinated until this Saturday (24), with only about 18% of its population receiving the first dose of the vaccine, and 13% receiving full immunizations, according to a study by our World Database. To the University of Oxford.

With the advent of the delta variant the slow vaccination has become a concern, More contagious, but not resistant to both doses of the vaccine.

Several cities in the country have already announced returns to prisons in at least two regions as cases of this variation that are already in circulation have been identified. This is the situation in Melbourne and Sydney. The move affects about 12 million people, which is almost half of the country’s population.

China: 1st Central, first country to control

The new corona virus was first reported in late 2019 in Wuhan, China. The site quickly became the center of the disease, which was later identified as “mysterious pneumonia”.

In the first days of January, the Chinese government ordered the isolation of entire metropolitan areas and halted travel by rail and plane to the affected areas.

Driven by austerity measures, the country of more than 1.3 billion people has an impressive number: 4,000 deaths from the disease and about 91,000 infections.

Thousands of people attend a music festival in Wuhan, China

Thousands of people attend a music festival in Wuhan, China

Among the Olympic powers, there is no consensus. Each country decided how to best respond to the crisis. See the mistakes and successes of the biggest medal winners:

The United States, the main Olympic power, stood alone in epidemics for mistakes rather than victories. The country ranks first in the tragic death toll – more than 600,000. However, numbers have plummeted since the successful mass vaccination campaign, which has already reached about 48% of the country’s adult population, 328 million to 328 million, and 7% to the first.

First, Italy was considered the epicenter of the epidemic – as soon as China controlled the spread of the disease. In April last year, more than 1,000 people were killed by Govt-19 every 24 hours. With the progress of the vaccine (46% of the population is completely immunized), Italy has been drastically reducing the number of deaths since the end of April this year.

The country faced two clear waves of epidemic in mid-2021 and early 2021, which imposed a severe national lockout. Moreover, by investing in a rapid vaccination campaign – the first of its kind in the West – almost 70% of adults are already guaranteed at least 1 dose of the vaccine. There, every day in January this year the number of more than 1,200 people dropped to less than 100.

After an aggressive but rapidly controlled first wave, France saw a resurgence of deaths late last year, which forced the country’s government to impose more restrictions and curfew orders. With the improvement of the vaccine – 44% of the population with two doses and 14% with a single dose – the country has recorded a significant drop in daily deaths since the end of April (300 to less than 20).

There were two clear moments for the country during the epidemics. Initially, it was able to keep the numbers low as it continued to be isolated and its neighbors faced serious problems. However, a second wave of epidemics hit Germany hard, especially after the holiday season, which eased health measures. The death toll was high, reflecting an early start, rising to 888 in just 24 hours in January this year. This figure is lower only in advance of vaccination (48% of Germans with two-dose vaccines and only 12% with a single dose).

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The country is considered to have the largest population of vaccinated people in the EU – 55% with two doses and 2% with 1% – making it one of the worst in the world in terms of covariate deaths. 19 per 100,000 population. This is more than 300 per 100,000. In this comparison, Hungary has a higher presence than countries like the United States, Brazil and India. But with a sharp drop in the number of deaths since April 2021, the effects of the vaccine can already be seen in the country.

Sweden’s handling of the epidemic is controversial. The country decided to isolate or make it compulsory to wear a mask – measures taken in all Scandinavian countries. The move was later recognized by the government as a mistake, meaning that the country of more than 10 million people had twice as many deaths as Germany during the 1st European Wave (between March and April 2020).

Due to a scandal involving doping, Russian athletes will compete in Tokyo without the national flag. After all, the country appears in the rankings as one of the biggest medalists in history – but its response to the epidemic has left much to be desired. Russia is facing daily records of deaths and epidemics due to the high prevalence of delta variation, which initially controlled transmissions. This is the first country to launch a national vaccination campaign in December last year, but it has They faced difficulties in convincing people to defend themselves – 8% with the 1st dose and only 16% with the required two vaccines.