September 26, 2021

EXPO Magazine

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Portugal denies the grief of the main leader of the Carnation Revolution. Written by Geraldo Zebra


Othello Saraiva de Carvalho

By Geraldo Zebra

In a stinking agreement between Socialist Prime Minister Antonio Costa and Republican leader Conservative Marcelo Rebello de Souza, mourning was observed in memory of Lieutenant Colonel Ottolo Saraiva de Carvalho, the main leader of the Portuguese Carnation Revolution. Estado Novo erupted in the early hours of April 25, 1974 to liberate the country from dictatorship, turning the Portuguese nation into a police state for more than 40 years, persecuting, torturing and overthrowing opponents of the regime established by Oliveira Salazar.

Antonio Costa justified the denial of the tribute, not mourning the deaths of other soldiers who played a key role in the movement that overthrew the Salazar dictatorship, namely April captains Ernesto Melo Antones and Salguiro Maya. But Odelo Saraiva de Carvalho, 84, who died Sunday at a military hospital in Lisbon on Sunday, his body was cremated this Wednesday.

The president apologized in a statement posted on the Portuguese government’s Palacio de Belem website, saying “history will soon appreciate it from afar.”

“However, the importance of capital on April 25 remains questionable.

Under Portuguese rule, the Order of National Mourning was proposed by the government and approved by the Prime Minister and the President in this regard. But by refusing this ritual to pay homage to Othello, the government of Antonio Costa and President Marcelo Rebello de Souza actually avoided approving the historically but equally controversial figure of the commander of the Carnation Revolution.

In fact, Ottolo Saraiva de Carvalho is a controversial figure. He overthrew the Salasar dictatorship in April, flirted with European social democracy, and returned to Portugal in June, after Cuba, with more sympathy on the left. In the first free election in nearly half a century, the presidential candidate, he came in second with almost 17% of the vote. In the following election, the support of just over 1% of the electorate will exclude him from politics.

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Later, Othello associated his name with popular movements, leading to a series of terrorist attacks between 1980 and 1987 that killed 17 people. In June 1984, the former almighty leader of the Carnation Revolution was sentenced to 15 years in prison and five years in pre-trial detention. He was pardoned by President Mario Soares in 1986, and in April 2009 elevated Othello to the rank of Colonel.

Ottolo Saraiva de Carvalho’s demand for national mourning was loudly heard by about 200 people in a long line formed near the church of the Lisbon Military Academy for the last farewell of the leader of the Carnation Revolution. The scene was repeated on the morning of April 25, when “Grandola, Vila Morena” was sung as the password for the beginning of the revolution, as Othello’s body left the church for cremation at Alcapitas in Casco. 1974.

Deputy Catarina Martின்nez, the leader of the left-wing faction that looks like the Portuguese PSOL, has denounced Othello’s lack of grief over the country’s “liberation”.

“Odelo Saraiva de Carvalho was one of the workers on April 25. He was the strategist of the military action that allowed Estado Novo to end the war, end the war, open the door to colonization and open the door of hope on April 25. Democracy, freedom in Portugal. The leader does not understand it, but Portugal is in mourning because, as I said well [o ex-Presidente da República] Ramalho Ines’ homeland is his freedom, democracy and no one can deny or deny it, ”said Katrina Martின்nez.

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“It is true that the country is mourning the loss of a liberator who was one of the men who brought freedom and democracy.

Born August 31, 1936 in Lorenco Marquez, now Mozambique, Maputo, Odelo Nuno Romeo Sarava de Carvalho had a military service from the 1960s during the colonial war in Guinea-Pizza, where he passed from Spinola to General Antonio 25 April 1974 Up to.

Salazar and Chetano were in charge of formulating a military action plan for the Armed Forces Movement (MFA) that overthrew the dictatorship, and therefore became known as a strategist on April 25.

After April 25, he was the commander-in-chief of the Capcon, the command of the continent’s operational movement, and during the progress of the revolutionary process (PREC), he rose with the most radical military left and became the presidential candidate in 1976.