September 28, 2022

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Queen Elizabeth II Death: Who’s Who in the British Royal Family and What the Monarch Is Doing | the world

King Charles III succeeded his mother Queen Elizabeth IIAfter her death, aged 96, at Balmoral Castle.

The Queen celebrated her Platinum Jubilee earlier this year as she became the longest-reigning British monarch.

Upon the Queen’s death, the throne immediately passed to her heir, the former Prince of Wales, Charles.

Charles is due to be officially crowned King in St Petersburg on Saturday. James, London, before the ceremonial body known as the Ascension Council.

The king is the head of state United Kingdom. However, his powers are symbolic and ceremonial, and he remains politically neutral.

He receives government materials daily in a leather case, such as information before important meetings or documents that require his signature.

The Prime Minister usually meets the King at Buckingham Palace on Wednesdays to brief him on government matters.

These meetings are strictly private and there is no official record of what was said.

The King has several parliamentary duties:

  • Forming a government – The leader of the party that wins the general election is usually invited to Buckingham Palace where he is formally invited to form the government. The king also formally dissolves the government before a general election;
  • Opening of Parliament and King’s Speech – The King opens the parliamentary year with the Opening of Parliament. He sets out the Government’s plans in his Throne Speech in the House of Lords;
  • Royal Assent – ​​When legislation is enacted by Parliament, it must be duly signed by the King to become law. Finally in 1708 royal permission was refused.
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In addition, the King receives visiting heads of state and meets with ambassadors and high-ranking foreign officials holding positions in the country. United Kingdom. He usually presides over the annual Remembrance Day ceremony (honoring the sacrifices of soldiers and civilians in wars since the First World War) at the cemetery (war memorial) in London in November.

The king is also head of the Commonwealth, an association of 56 independent nations that were once part of the British Empire and are now home to 2.4 billion people. 14 of these countries are known as Commonwealth Dominions and the King is the head of state.

The Queen and later Prince Charles at the Opening of Parliament in 2019 – Photo: via Getty Images/BBC

However, since Barbados became a republic in 2021, many Commonwealth domains have indicated they could do the same.

King Charles III’s portrait will replace his mother’s on royal seals and Bank of England notes. The wording in British passports will be updated to “Your Majesty” in the masculine form (in English, the expression is gendered and will be changed from “His Majesty” to “His Majesty”).

Also, the part “God Save the Queen” in the National Anthem will be changed to “God Save the King”.

How does succession work?

The line of succession determines which member of the royal family takes over as monarch when the incumbent dies or abdicates. First in line – the heir to the throne – the eldest daughter or son of the king.

As Queen Elizabeth’s eldest son, Charles became King on his mother’s death, and his wife Camilla became Queen Consort.

Succession rules were changed in 2013 so that sons do not get priority over elder sisters.

A map shows what succession looks like in England – Photo: BBC

King Charles’ heir was his eldest son. Prince William, who inherited the title of Duke of Cornwall from his father. However, he will not automatically become the Prince of Wales – this must be conferred by the King.

William’s eldest son Prince George is second in line to the throne, and his eldest daughter Princess Charlotte is third in line.

What happens at the coronation?

A coronation ceremony is a ceremonial coronation of a king. It takes place after a period of mourning for the former sovereign.

Elizabeth II became Queen on 6 February 1952 after the death of her father, George VI, but was not crowned until 2 June 1953.

His coronation was televised live and watched by over 20 million people.

A coronation took place at Westminster Abbey 900 years ago – William the Conqueror was the first monarch to be crowned there, and Charles was the 40th. It is an Anglican religious service conducted by the Archbishop of Canterbury.

The king is anointed with “holy oil” and receives the orb and scepter, symbols of royalty. At the climax of the ceremony, the archbishop will crown the saint. The Edward-Crown on Charles’s head is made of gold and has remained in place since 1661.

Queen Elizabeth is the 39th monarch to be crowned at Westminster Abbey (Image: PA Media/via BBC)

The crown is the most prominent of the crown jewels in the Tower of London and is only worn by the monarch at the time of coronation.

Unlike royal weddings, a coronation is a state event – it’s the government that pays for the event and selects the guest list.

Who else is part of the royal family?

Members of the royal family celebrate Queen Elizabeth’s birthday in 2019 — Photo: via PA Media/BBC

  • Duke of Cornwall and Cambridge (Prince William) was the eldest son of King Charles and his first wife Diana, Princess of Wales. He married the Duchess of Cornwall and Cambridge (Catherine Middleton). They have three children: Prince George, Princess Charlotte and Prince Louis.
  • The Princess Royal (Princess Anne) is the Queen’s second child and only daughter. She married Vice Admiral Timothy Lawrence. She has two children with her first husband Captain Mark Phillips: Peter Phillips and Zara Tindall.
  • The Earl of Wessex (Prince Edward) is the Queen’s youngest son. He married the Countess of Wessex (Sophie Rhys-Jones). They have two children: Louise and James Mountbatten-Windsor.
  • The Duke of York (Prince Andrew) is the Queen’s third child and second son. He has two daughters with his ex-wife, the Duchess of York (Sarah Ferguson): Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie. Prince Andrew stepped down from his royal duties in 2019 after giving a controversial interview over accusations that he sexually abused Virginia Keufre. In February 2022, he paid an undisclosed amount to settle a sexual harassment lawsuit filed against him by a young woman in the United States.
  • Duke of Sussex (Prince Harry) was William’s younger brother. He is married to the Duchess of Sussex (Meghan Markle). They have two children: Archie and Lilibet Diana. In 2020, they announced that they would step down from royal duties and move to the United States.

Where do members of the royal family live?

King Charles and the Queen are set to visit Buckingham Palace. They previously lived at Clarence House in London and Highgrove House in Gloucestershire.

oh Prince William And the Duchess of Cornwall and Cambridge recently moved from Kensington Palace in East London to Adelaide Cottage on the Windsor Royal Estate.

Princes George and Louis and Princess Charlotte walk hand-in-hand with their parents, the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and Cambridge, on the first day of school.

Prince George, Princess Charlotte and Prince Louis attend Lambbrook School, near Ascot, Berkshire.

oh Prince Harry and the Duchess of Sussex reside in California, USA.

What do the British think about the monarchy?

A poll by pollster YouGov, taken during Elizabeth II’s platinum jubilee in July, found that 62% of Britons think the country should keep the monarchy. About 22% say the country should have an elected leader.

The result suggests a decline in approval of the monarchy over the past decade: in 2012, approval was at 75%.

While majority support for the monarchy exists among the elderly, approval ratings decline among the young.

In 2011, when YouGov began researching the issue, 59% of 18-24 year olds thought the monarchy should continue. In 2022, the number of young people with this view is 33%.

Two Ipsos Mori polls from 2021 yielded similar results, with one in five believing that abolishing the monarchy would be good for the world. United Kingdom.

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