September 28, 2022

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Understand how China and Cuba choose their leaders and why Lula says there is ‘no polarization’ in these countries | the world

In an interview with Jornal Nacional on Thursday (26), former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT) Polarization in Brazil And as a counterpoint he cited two countries: Cuba e China.

“Polarization is healthy all over the world. In America, in Germany, in France, in Norway, in Finland, there is polarization everywhere; There is no polarization in the Chinese Communist Party, and there is no polarization in the Cuban Communist Party“, he said.

See below how presidential elections work in China and Cuba.

There are also other parties in China, but in practice they support the decision-making of the Chinese Communist Party.

The Chinese Communist Party holds its congress (i.e. decision-making meeting) every five years – one in 2022. It is at this congress that the party leader and by extension the president is decided. China is the most populous country in the world.

The party has 2,000 representatives. During election years, they travel to Beijing to hold congresses. Behind closed doors, these representatives elect a central committee of about 200 members.

This central committee will choose who will be the general secretary of the party.

During the closing session of the National People’s Congress in Beijing on Thursday (28), Chinese President Xi Jinping voted for a proposal to create a security law in Hong Kong. China’s parliament passes draft national security law for Hong Kong – Photo: Nicholas Asfoury/AFP

The current leader, Xi Jinping, came to power in 2012 and won a second term in 2017. He is expected to take third place later this year.

The Central Committee not only elects the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, but also elects the Chief Secretary of the Government. Politburo(It’s a word from the days of the Soviet Union).

The Cuban political system is one party (in this case, the Communist Party). There is a protocol for electing the president: there are general elections for the National Assembly, and representatives elect the president.

Cuba has had only two terms of succession. For the first time, in 2006, a weakened Fidel Castro handed the presidency to his brother Raúl, who had been vice-president of the Cuban Communist Party since 1965. In 2011, Raul took over the party as well.

In 2018, Raúl Castro nominated Miguel Díaz-Canel for president, and the National Assembly elected him almost unanimously.

Miguel Diaz-Canel attends a rally with supporters in the country’s capital, Havana – Photo: Alexandre Meneghini/Reuters

In April of last year, Díaz-Canel was also elected as the leader of the party and, in this way, began to centralize power in the country.

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