September 28, 2022

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Venezuela’s secret service commits crimes against humanity to suppress opposition, UN report says | the world

Intelligence Services Venezuela A UN resolution issued on Tuesday (20) said it was committing crimes against humanity under orders from the highest levels of government to suppress dissent.

“This project was planned at the highest political level under the leadership of President Nicolás Maduro,” said Marta Valinas, head of the UN Independent International Mission. Venezuela.

“Our studies and analysis show that The Venezuelan government uses intelligence services and its agents to suppress dissent in the country. This leads to serious crimes and human rights violations Acts of torture and sexual violence“, Martha condemned.

“The results of the report show the role of the Bolivarian National Intelligence Service (SEBIN) and the Military Counter-Intelligence Directorate (DGCIM) in implementing a plan orchestrated by President Nicolás Maduro and other high-level officials to suppress opposition to the government, including the most serious torture that constitutes crimes against humanity, ” said the mission.

The work has documented 122 cases of victims “subjected to torture, sexual violence and/or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment” by DGCIM agents from 2014 to date.

Relatives of prisoners cry outside the Helicoid detention center in Caracas in 2018 (Photo: Reuters/Carlos Garcia Rawlins)

Among the torture methods used were “beatings with objects, electric shocks, suffocation with plastic bags and stress conditions, as well as forms of psychological torture such as ‘white torture'”, the text details. These events took place at its headquarters in Polita, Caracas, and at its network of secret detention centers throughout the country.

In Caracas, Provea, one of the NGOs most active in pointing out human rights abuses in the country, condemned the attempt by two Sepine employees to enter its headquarters to intimidate relatives of arrested workers holding a press conference to demand their release: “This is against human rights organizations and the repressive policy of President Nicolás Maduro today. It seems very worrying as we believe this is part of a higher escalation against detractors.”

According to the analysis of the mission and the information received, the authorities arrested dissidents and government opponents. In some cases, Maduro and his inner circle, as well as other high-ranking officials, “participated in the selection of targets.”

The report cited Diostado Cabello, a powerful Chavista leader, as the author of the orders to identify some of those detained by the Sepulcher.

Intelligence services “tortured and ill-treated detainees – mainly at the ‘El Helicoid’ detention center in the Venezuelan capital – including opposition politicians, journalists, protesters and human rights defenders.

Former prisoners at the center have described the appalling conditions they were found in and that many prisoners “had to urinate in plastic bottles”, according to the UN. The workplace said because they were only allowed to go to the bathroom once a day. There were “privilege” cells with better conditions for which prisoners had to pay.

The mission has investigated 51 cases since 2014.

“Both Sebin and DGCIM used sexual and gender-based violence to torture and humiliate their detainees,” he adds.

In 2020 and 2021 – the mission issued two previous reports highlighting human rights abuses VenezuelaThese actions, particularly by Sebin and the DGCIM, “continue to this day and have taken place in an environment of almost total impunity,” UN task force member Francisco Cox said.

The UN panel also released a report on human rights violations committed by “state and non-state actors” against indigenous peoples in the sprawling southern region of Argo Minero del Orinoco. Venezuela Rich in gold and other minerals like iron or gold.

The group describes “arbitrary killings, disappearances, extortion, corporal punishment and sexual and gender-based violence”.

In Bolivar state and other mining areas, “local populations, including indigenous peoples, have been plunged into a violent war between state actors and criminal armed groups for control of gold,” he adds. The work emphasizes the need for deeper investigation in this region.

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Since its creation in 2019, it has not been allowed to join the UN body Venezuela and carried out its investigations in border areas and remote interviews. Its findings are based on 246 confidential interviews with victims, their families and former security and intelligence officials.

“A Venezuela continues to face a deep human rights crisis,” said Marta Valinas.

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