The UN General Assembly passed a resolution on Wednesday condemning Russia’s annexation of Luhansk, Donetsk, Kherson and Zaporizhia regions announced by Vladimir Putin two weeks ago. Brazil, which has traditionally chosen to abstain from voting on the war in Ukraine, voted in favor of condemnation.
The text was approved by a large majority. 143 countries voted in favor, 5 against and 35 countries abstained.
Beijing, an ally of Moscow, proved in the poll that there are limits to China’s support for Putin. The Chinese chose not to fully align themselves with the Kremlin’s position, but to vote. The gesture was followed by India and was seen among European diplomats as a sign that the Russians would not seek unconditional support from Chinese allies.
For Brazil, the vote represents a shift in what has already become Itamarati’s traditional position in the war in Ukraine. The government believes that efforts by Western powers to isolate Moscow are deepening the crisis and disrupting communication channels relevant to the search for a peace deal.
But, according to Europeans and Americans, the Brazilian stance ultimately helps Putin sustain his war.
Last week, Brazil abstained from voting to create a mechanism to monitor human rights abuses in Russia.
To analysts and activists such as Human Rights Watch, the referendum result “sent a clear message” that the international community rejects the Russian-promoted annexation. For negotiators, the score still puts extra pressure on Putin. Only North Korea, Syria, Belarus and Nicaragua voted with the Russians.
The resolution states that the referendums held in some of these regions between September 23 and 27 are invalid and not a basis for changing the status of these regions of Ukraine, including any alleged annexation by the Russian Federation.
Delivering a speech entitled “Ukraine’s Territorial Integrity: Upholding the Principles of the United Nations Charter,” the Ukrainian representative said that since September 23, the Russian Federation has again violated international law and the simulated referendums in four Ukrainian regions represent an existential threat. To the United Nations and its Charter.
He urged the Assembly to uphold the principles of the Charter and reaffirm that they are a strong shield to protect all nations. “We are now at a turning point where the UN will either restore its credibility or ultimately fail,” he said.
However, the representative of the Russian Federation said that Ukraine and the West are pretending that the story started only in February, when the invasion happened.
According to Moscow, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) “wants to escalate the conflict as part of a plan to undermine the Russian Federation”.
For the Russians, Western powers continue to arm the Kiev government, and Ukraine is now a testing ground for them.
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